A Continuation of Certaine Speciall and Remarkable Passages from Both Houses of Parliament, and Divers Other Places of the Kingdome
Munday there came Letters to the Parliament out of Lancashire from Manchester, intimating that there hath lately beene a great fight between the Towne of Manchester and the Lord Strange, who set upon the Towne, having at least 2000. men, but the Townesmen did so bravely acquit themselves, that they slew six score of his men, and tooke fourescore Prisoners, and caused them to retreate towards Preston, the Townesmen loosing but five men in all, three of them being accidentally slaine by their fellowe Souldiers. They doe earnestly desire some speedy aid from the Parliament which was intended to have been sent unto them by the Lord General from Worcester: But the Parliament having received Information that his Majestie intends to drawe all the forces hee can possible together to meete the Lord Generall. It was not thought convenient that his Excellency should send any of those forces that are with him to Manchester, but the House have taken order that a thousand Dragoniers shall forthwith be raised in London upon the Propositions and bee sent thither under the command of Sir Edward Ceton for it is very much feared by the Towne that the Lord Strange will make another attempt against it very suddenly, and they are resolved to try it out with him and not to yeeld, they having gotten 2. pieces of Ordnance into the Towne, and are casting their Bells into Ordnance, whereby they may the better defend themselves untill more ayd and assistance can bee sent unto them.
Letters came from the Earle of Warwick intimating that he had lately taken 2. ships loden with store of Arms and Ammunition, and about seven hundred thousand pounds in Money, which was comming out of Denmarke to assist the King.
A Letter came from the Earle of Essex signifying that hee had sent to the Earle of Dorset to acquaint him that he had a Petition to present to his Majestie from both Houses of Parliament, desiring his Lordship to acquaint his Majestie therewith, and that hee might be informed of some fitting way or meanes for the presenting thereof to his Majestie which for the present the Earle of Essex could not doe in regard he knewe not certainly whether his Majestie would receive it, or how it should come peaceably to him, whereupon the Earle of Dorset sent a Letter to the Earle of Essex intimating that he had acquainted his Majestie therewith who answered that he would alwayes have his eare open to any Petition that came from the Parliament but would not receive any from the hands of traytors or any that he had proclaimed soe.
Whereupon being put to the Question it was voted to this effect. viz.
That for his Majestie to deny the receiving of any Petition by the hands of those that he accompts to be Traytors, is in effect a flat denyall of receiving any Petition at all from them, for in proclayming the Earle of Essex a traytor hee had proclaymed the whole Parliament Traytors so that his Majesties refusing to receive this petition was a great abridgment of the Privilege of Parliament, and therfore voted, that the said Earl should advance forwards with his forces, and that the Earl of Essex should use some means that those votes of the house should be presented to his Majesty.
On Tuesday morning letters were read in the house, which came from Yorkshire, certifying the house, that since the taking up of Arms in that County under the Command of the L. Fairfaxe against the Earl of Cumberland and his Cavaleers, there was a Treaty of Peace, and certain Articles agreed upon on both sides, whereby they agreed that Armes should be laid down on both sides, and that they should stand as Neuters between the King and Parliament, and preserve the peace of the County against all Forces that should come against them and that his Majesty shall have liberty to remove all the Canons and Ammunition as he hath in that county, except such as M. Hotham brought from Hull, with divers other Articles very prejudiciall to that county: but Mr. Hotham and many others that were for the Parliament did utterly refuse to joyn in the said agreement, but were gone to Doncaster there to remain with those Forces they had, untill they hear what further directions they shall receive from the Parliament.
It was also certified by letters to the house, that Sir Edward Heron high Sheriffe of Yorkshire, which formerly hath shewed a good affection to the Parliament, had a great hand in drawing on the county to agree to those Articles.
At which agreement the house was much discontented, and after long debate therof, a Declaration was drawn up, shewing, that none of the parties had any authority to bind the County to any such Neutrality, it being a priviledge peculiar to the Parliament onely,
Secondly. That it is very prejudiciall to the whole Kingdome. Thirdly, that it is derogatory to the power and authority of Parliament. Fourthly, That many things in that Agreement, are very unequall, contrary to the nature of Neutrality, being more advantagious to one side then another, and would be a great Impeachment to that good Agreement betwixt his Majesty and his subjects, which both houses do earnestly desire.
Information was also given to the house, that although the County of Hereford for the greatest part therof, were heretofore against the Parliament, they are now better informed in their Judgements, and begin to incline much towards the Parliament, being much incensed against the Cavaleers, and have sent 350. men to Worcester to aid and assist the Parliament, under the Lord Generall.
There was Letters came to the house on Wednesday, that the Lord Willoughby of Parham in the County of Lincoln, signifying that he had received instruction from the house, for the aiding and assisting of Yorkshire against the E. of Cumberland, and that notwithstanding the Treaty and agreement that was made between the L. Fairfaxe and the rest of the Gentry and the Earl of Cumberland: yet he intends to go on according to his instructions, and that on Thursday next the whole body of Yorkshire were to meet, according to appointment at their making of the said Agreement; at which meeting they expect to hear the pleasure of the house, which doubtlesse they will present for the whole west Ryding, and a great other part of that County, were disascenting to the said Agreement.
Letters were read in the house of Commons, intimating that the City of Hereford being apprehensive of the danger that they were in by reason of the Cavaleers, which they feared would surprize that City, and so expose them to much danger, as they had done lately at Worster, they sent to the E. of Essex, shewing that they desired to assist the Parliament, but because there was a great Malignant party in the City, those that were well-affected did not dare to stand upon their guard without they had some forces sent from the Parliament which they might cleave unto. Whereupon his Excellency sent one thousand foot, and four Troopes of horse to make good that City, and to settle the Militia there, and that a sufficient Garrison should stay there to maintain the peace thereof.
Letters came out of Somersetshire, intimating that Sir Ralph Hopton with about 100 men were gone into Cornwall, but the Marquis of Hartford was in Monmouthshire in Wales, and that the Earl of Bedford had left a strong garrison at Minhead and severall other places, to keep the Marquis from comming back again to any of those strong holds.
There was also upon Thursday last, being the sixth of October; a packet of Letters brought to the House from Yarmouth, which were taken comming out of Holland with a ship and divers other things, together with many Commanders therein, comming from the Queen to assist his Majesty, which were taken in this manner, viz.
On Monday night last, there was a ship driven in at Yarmouth by a contrary wind (it being bound for Newcastle) which came out of Holland, being a ship which her Majesty bought with her own money; and had sent it before to his Majesty, the Queen her selfe as is supposed being very shortly to come after, having shipping prepared for her conduct, which ship was searched at Yarmouth, and about 140. Commanders were in it, and twelve pieces of Ordnance, with great store of powder, &c., which were brought up to London.
This day Newes was brought to the House, that Prince Robert with about ten Troopes of horse was at Bridgenorth, the Kings Majesty being for the most part at Shrewsbury, and it was conceived that the E. of Essex with his mayne Army are now upon their march toward Bridgnorth, where the King hath drawn his main forces his Excellency being now in the midway between Worster and Bridgnorth, having left a strong Garrison in Bewdly, which stands upon the River of Severn, and so the two Armies being drawne so neer together, it is very probable they will have another Battle very shortly.
This day a Chest was brought to the Parliament house which was taken going out of Somerset-house, by water, and nayled up very fast, wherein was thought to have bin some of the Friars Treasure, but being opened, there was nothing in it of any great consequence.
Upon Friday there was a Conference of both houses, concerning the presenting of the petition which the E. of Essex hath to be presented to the King and agreed that in regard his Majesty had refused to accept thereof, from any that he had proclaimed to bee trayters, and in so doing, he had denyed to receive any petition from the Parliament. It was agreed that His Excellency should proceede according to his Instructions, and that he should use such means for the presenting of the said petition to his Majesty, as he shold think fit, and thereupon a Post was sent away to his Excellency with Letters to that effect.
Letters was reade in the house which came out of Holland from M. Strickland,1 intimating that the queen had provided 4. ships to come into England with men and ammunition to assist his Maj. and that the States of Holland had made stay therof, and that the united Provinces did professe much love and affection to the Parliament, and was very vigilant that no provision of Men, Arms, or Moneys, should come from thence to aid his Majesty in this unnatural war against his good Subjects.
Whereupon it was agreed, that a Letter of thankes should bee sent to the States of Holland, for their faithfulnesse to this Kingdome.
October 8. Printed for Robert Wood, 1642.
Source: British Library, E.121 Search tags: Bewdley (Bewdly), Bridgnorth (Bridgenorth), Earl of Cumberland, Earl of Dorset, Earl of Essex, Earl of Warwick, Herefordshire, Lincolnshire, Lord Fairfax, Marquess of Hertford (Hartford), Minehead (Minhead), Prince Rupert (Prince Robert), River Thames (River of Severn), Sir Edward Seton (Ceton), Somerset House (Somerset-house), Walter Strickland (M. Strickland), West Riding (Ryding), Worcester (Worster)