A Continuation of Certaine Speciall and Remarkable Passages from Both Houses of Parliament, and Divers Other Parts of the Kingdome
Saturday the 24. of September.
There came Letters to the Parliament from the Earle of Bedford from Dorsetshire, dated the 2. instant, informing that the Marquesse of Hartford understanding that the Earle of Bedford had strengthned his Forces at Dorchester, and intended suddenly to make a second on-set against him, with the assistance of the forces from Portsmouth.
The Marquesse on Monday last, with all his Forces privately stole away from Sherburne Castle, and went to Burton in Somersetshire, their whole force consisting of 800. Horse and Foot, and about 30 Carriages, intending to take over the Severne, & so march down towards Wales, or to joyn themselves to the Kings Forces at Shrewsbury. But the Earle of Bedford having notice thereof, sent out a part of his Forces in pursuit of the Marquesse one way, whilst himself and others went the other way, who traced the Marquesse so closely he knew not which way to take, not daring to march Gloucester ways, for feare lest he should be apprehended by the Countrey, and how to get safely into Herefordshire he knew not; but on Friday last he marched to Myneard, intending to meet with some Vessels there, to transport him and his luggage over the Severne, at which time there lay at Myneard some small Welsh Vessells, who hearing of the Marquesse his comming, proved themselves to be lesse his friends than he expected; and all of them hoysted sayle and clensed the River, leaving not so much as a long boat for the Marquesse to make use off; which the Marquesse perceiving, was not a little put to his shifts, but for all his industry could not get over the Severne, but is now forced to hide himself and Company in holes and corners, wishing himself back againe in Sherburne Castle, but that he knows not which way to regain. It is since reported that the ships were forced from Myneard by reason of stormy weather.
The Earle of Bedford having notice of the Marquesse his being at Myneard, on Friday last drew up all his Forces, and in severall ways are marched thither, not doubting but very suddenly to put an end to that service, and to prevent the Marquesse for making any further escape.
Sir John Conyers the Lieuetenant of the Tower, Presented a Petition to the House of Commons, that they would please to take him into consideration for the great charge he hath been at in keeping of divers Irish prisoners, and some others who are destitute of means, and have been a great charge to him.
Upon debate of which businesse, the Commons ordered that his petition should be referred to the Grand Committee to consider off; and that withall they should take into consideration the Lieuetenants letting Mr. Bynion to escape out of the Tower, and some other matters for which as yet he hath made no accompt.
It is of certain reported to the Parliament, that there are divers Lords have left the King, and retired to their owne Houses in the Countrey, viz. The Earle of Monmouth, Lord Paget, and some others not relishing the proceedings, since upon no perswasions His Majesty will desist from making War against the Parliament, and they are now labouring to make peace with the Parliament. It is also credibly informed, that the D. of Richmond is sent over by the King into Holland, and took shipping at Shields the 21 instant; It is pretended the intent of his going is to bring back the Queen to Newcastle, but it is rather feared he is gone to incense the States against the Parliament, and to hinder the good issue of Mr. Stricklands message, as also to try what he can do for the raising of more ammunition and moneys to assist the King, of which he hath no little want to maintaine His Army, His store being almost at an end.
On Monday last there came letters to the Parliament informing, that the King hath left Shrewsbury, and on Friday last with the Prince and Traine, and a great part of His Army came to Westchester, and hath possessed himself of the Town, and intends to put a strong Garrison there, and then to return back to Shrewsbury; there have been some Volunteers have offered themselves to His Majesty since his coming into those parts, but they are unprovided of Arms, so that the King hath sent for the Arms at Newcastle to supply them withall, but which ways moneys will be raised to maintain them, seems a wonder, the Kings Army is at the most 3500. Horse and Dragoneers and about 10000 Foot, accounting the Lord Strange his three Regiments which are joined to the King.
The Houses received letters from Worcester, dated the 24 Sep: informing the true state of things there, and the manner of the late fight between Prince Robert and our Forces, which was thus. Prince Robert and his Troops having joined themselves to Sir John Byron in Worcester, the Trained Bands of Gloucester coming in to assist our Forces, they were appointed to march over the Bridge, and secure the passage on that side of the water, whilst Mr. Fynes and his Forces maintained the siege by land against the Town, untill such time as they should receive some supplies from the Lord Generall or himself come thither with his Army, whom they daily and hourely expected, whereby they might be furnished with some peeces of Ordnance to make battery against the Town, which at that time they wanted.
That on Friday last Prince Robert with 15 Troops of Horse marched out of Worcester into a green Meadow on this side of the Towne, daring of our forces to fight, whom indeed at that time were very weak and unfit for the encounter, being devided into severall Squadrons, and so disposed off on both sides of the Town, that they could not in a long time relieve each other. Nevertheles Collonell Sands and C. Austine discovering Prince Roberts forces with undaunted courage not esteeming the great odds against which they were to fight, drew up their Troopes, came up to the enemy and charged against them, made good the fight and did very good execution against them a long time before the other forces came to assist them at length the other forces making up to them which in all were but 9. Troopes against fifteen.
There was a very hott skirmish on both sides for all that afternoon, Prince Maurice had his hand almost stroke off, and was daungerously wounded in the head with a Pole Axe, Comissary Willmot was run through with a sword by Collonell Sands upon a single encounter; the Lord John, Brother to the Duke of Lenox was very daungerously wounded, all these were of Prince Roberts party, there was also about 30. of their party slaine, being all Gentlemen of very good worth, and as many more of their Common Troopers. On our side Serjeant Major Douglas was slaine whose death is much lamented, Collonell Sands was much hurt, but his greatest dammage came by his horse that dragged him about the field falling from his sadle, but (praysed be God) there is no danger of his recovery, and there was not above 26 other of our Troopers killed.
This skirmish continued all that day till towards night and the Prince and his Troopers were much foyled, and at length perceiving some other Troopes of horse making towards our forces to relive them whom they conceived came from the Earle of Essex, and supposed he also with his maine force were neare upon them, although indeed his excellency came not till late that night after the skirmish. The Prince and his Troopers retreated back into Worcester, but our forces pursuing of them, forced into the Towne upon them, and continued fight with them in the Towne till towards midnight, and did very good execution upon them, and at last Prince Robert and all the other forces of his party tooke flight and left the Town and are now marched downe towards Hereford shire.
The Earle of Essex coming that night with his Army to Worcester, thought it not safe to enter the Towne himself with his forces for feare of Treachery, but continued all that night in the Field; and the next morning being Saterday came and possessed himself of the Town where he still remains. There were divers Prisoners taken which I omitted to speak off, neare upon 30. but Master Fynes and Captaine Wingate who were supposed to be killed, are safely returned to Worcester, having retired to a small Towne neare Worcester to refresh themselves after the skirmish, and so at present were missed.
The Parliament upon consideration of this business at Worcester, drew up an Order that there should be publique thankes given in all the Churches in London on the Fast day for this great victory.
There came letters also to the Parliament from Yorkeshire informing that Sir John Hotham hath sent his Sonne out of Hull with some two or three Troopes of horse, and 500 foote to joyne with the Lord Fairfax and the gentry of Yorkeshire to cleanse the country of the Earle of Cumberlands Cavaliers, and the other malignants of that County, and there will bee a very considerable force forthwith raised; the County having appointed the Lord Fairfax to bee Generall of all the said forces, and they have taken an Oath to live and die with him in the cause.
The Earle of Cumberland bestirs himself using also means to raise the Trayned Bands to joyne with him to prevent the raising of the said forces, but it is hoped his perswasions with them will be but to little purpose.
The Parliament upon debate of this business, Ordered that a Message of thanks should be returned to the Gentry and Freeholders of Yorkeshire for their fidelity to the Parliament, and to inform them that the Parliament doth very well approve of their actions in the busines aforesaid.
There were letters also brought to the Parliament on Munday by one Captain Ashley lately come from Ireland, informing that the Protestant forces being brought into great distresse in Galloway, having neither powder, shot, nor victual left, were relieved by the said Captaine Ashley by sea. After which with no more than 1000 men they sallyed out of Galloway and encountered with 16000 of the Rebells who had laid seidge against the Towne, killed 700 of them, put them all to flight tooke so great a quantity of Pikes and Musquets from them that wanting carriage to beare them away, they were enforced to burne about 3000. Pikes in the Fields, and carried away neare upon 2000. musquetts and three great peeces of Ordnance, one whereof is called the great Bess, In which fight there was of certain but six men lost on our side, whereof one of them was the Lord of Corkes second son whose death is much lamented.
A cheife thing remarkable in this victory was, that when our forces sett upon the Rebells they were in their quarters making merry, and had a great feast provided in Tryumph that they had brought Galloway to so low a condition, that they were not able to keep it from them two days longer, in which time they presumed they would be all starved, but it fell out with these Rebels as it once did with the Isralites, when they Rebelled against God for them the meat was in their mouthes, the wrath of God fell amongst them.
It was also informed by letters from the North part of Ireland that Collonell Leisley in a sett battell slew about 150. of the Rebells, and put a great number to flight.
It was also informed the Parliament by letters on Tuesday last that at the Marquis of Hartfords leaving of Sherburne Castle he left behind him great store of provision both for horse and men which the Earle of Bedford hath seized upon, the houses upon debate of the busines at Sherburne drew up an order to be sent to the Earle of Bedford that he should plant some of his Ordnance against Sherburne Castle and beat the same downe to the Ground, and also demolish all the outworkes and fortifications which the Marquis had raised there wherby the Marquis and his Confederates may not have any more shelter there.
The Houses on Tuesday last received a very insolent and peremptory letter from the Lord Moone from Cornwall, taxing them in their proceedings, and alleadging that this Parliament was a forced Parliament, and that therefore he would not obey their Summons, or attend upon the Service of the Houses; Whereupon, upon debate of the businesse in the House of Commons, he was Voted to be a Delinquent; and the Earle of Bath also continuing in Cornwall, and refusing to attend the House upon Summons, was also Voted a Delinquent; and there was a Committee appointed to frame up a charge against them: and it was further Voted, that their estates and lands should be sequestred by the authority of Parliament, and employed for the service of the Common-wealth.
The Commons also being informed that the Lord Capell had given Commission to the Marquesse of Hartford to gather up all his Rents in the West Countrey, towards the maintaining of the War against the Parliament.
They also Voted that the Lord Capells estate belonging unto him in England and Wales, should be sequestred for the service of the Common-wealth, which businesse was also referred to a Committee; The said Committee being also to consider what ways or means will be most convenient for the gathering of the Rents of the foresaid Lords; And also to take order for the sequestring of the estates of all Delinquents which have been Voted against by the Parliament.
The Houses also received letters from the Prince Elector from Holland, wherein he doth utterly disclaim the proceedings of his Brothers Prince Robert and Maurice in assisting the King against the Parliament, and that so long as he was with His Majesty in England, he laboured with Him to reconcile Himselfe to the Parliament; and that finding he could not prevaile, he chose rather to leave England, than to engage himself in the War, desiring the Parliament would take his Mother and himself into their consideration, for the continuing of their Pentions which have been a long time detained from them.
Upon debate of which busines, the Commons ordered that the Palgraves request should be referred to a Committee; and withal that the Committee should take into consideration the late actions of Prince Robert, and to frame an impeachment against him.
September 29. Printed for Francis Leach, and Francis Coles. 1642.
Source: British Library, E.240 Transcription: Ivor Carr Search tags: Chester (Westchester), Colonel Edwin Sandys (Sands), Colonel Leslie/Lisle (Leisly; Robert Sydney, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland?), dragoons, Commissary Henry Wilmot (Willmot), Duke of Lennox (Lenox), Earl of Bath, Earl of Bedford, Earl of Cork, Earl of Cumberland, Earl of Essex, Earl of Monmouth, Duke of Richmond, Galway (Galloway), Lord John Stewart, Lord Mohun (Moone), Marquess of Hertford (Hartford), Minehead (Myneard), Nathaniel Fiennes (Fynes), North Shields / South Shields (Shields), Prince Charles Louis (Prince Elector), Prince Rupert (Robert), Sherborne Castle (Sherburne), Sir George Benyon (Bynion), Yorkshire